SIDS risk

What can you do for your baby
to see his/her smile the next day, too?

SIDS is death
without warning

A sudden death is causes by a breathing arrest. The baby stops breathing during sleep and suffocates. SIDS is the abbreviation of the term Sudden Infant Death Syndrome.

Who is in danger
and when?

Even entirely healthy children up to 1 year of age are endangered by sudden infant death syndrome. It occurs most frequently between the second and fourth month. The most risky month is the second month after birth.

The risk decreases with the increasing age of infants. The central nervous system develops and the resistance and immunity of the organism gets higher.

What is the cause of a sudden death?

Unfortunately, the answer is still unknown. Although scientists have been investigating SIDS for tens of years, the causes of the sudden infant death syndrome remain unexplained. They have not been clarified by autopsies, laboratory research or analyses of circumstances in the place of death. The syndrome even causes death of healthy children that have not had any problems.

  • 22,000 babies a year die all around the world
  • Boys are affected slightly more frequently than girls
  • The most deaths occurr in the colder months
  • 61 % of deaths occurr in the second half of the week

Risk factors

International studies have shown some risk factors that are common for a major part of SIDS cases.

The mother’s role Before and after the birth Other factors
Anaemia Premature birth Artificial feeding
Smoking and drugs Overdue pregnancy Overheating of the baby (clothing, blankets, overheated room)
Uterus infection Shortage of oxygen Too soft a surface for sleeping
Low age (16 - 17 years), basic education Growth retardation Front position during sleeping
Short time interval since the previous pregnancy, insufficient feeding and pre-birth care Problematic development in the first three months of pregnancy Sleeping with parents
Low socio-economical level, incomplete family Disorders of breathing and heart rhythm, thermo-regulation, metabolism and immunity A recent fever illness (during the last 2 weeks of life)

How to reduce the risk of SIDS?

The good news is that thanks to education and parental care the occurrence rate of SIDS is decreasing.
E.g. in the U.S. the number of cases has dropped by 75 % since 1980.
Therefore, we are bringing experts’ advice and recommendations to you:

  1. Buy a Baby breathing monitor Nanny – if a breathing arrest occurs, the Nanny will alert you in time. It is sometimes the loud alarm itself that can make the baby wake up. The monitors are also used by maternity hospitals.
  2. Put your baby to sleep in a position on the back. A higher occurrence rate of SIDS is reported with children sleeping in the front or side position.
  3. Place a baby mattress in the cot. What the baby sleeps on matters. Soft mattresses and heavy blankets are related to a higher risk of the sudden infant death syndrome.
  4. The baby should sleep in the parents’ bedroom for the first 6 months. The baby should sleep in his/her cot. A cot is the safest for a baby.
  5. Maintain a pleasant temperature in the room. Dress the baby in such a way as to be warm without a blanket, too. Overheating increases the risk of SIDS.
  6. Breastfeeding benefits: Breast milk reduces the occurrence of respiratory and alimentary tracts. Studies show a lower SIDS rate with breastfed babies than babies fed with artificial milk.
  7. Be careful about the hygiene of everything that the baby can get in contact with. Your baby should avoid cigarette smoke, crowds and people with infection of the respiratory tract.
  8. Give your baby a dummy. Some studies have shown a lower occurrence rate of sudden death in babies that used a dummy.

Make sure that everybody
that will take care of your baby knows these instructions!

What to do in the case of problems?

If your baby does not breathe regularly at certain intervals, consult a paediatrician. If a breathing arrest or regurgitation after coughing occurs, inform a physician immediately.

If the baby stops breathing, call an ambulance and provide the baby with first aid.